Spatacus Spartacus: Der Gladiator
Spartacus, dt. Spartakus, war ein römischer Sklave und Gladiator. Historische Bedeutung erlangte er als Anführer eines nach ihm benannten Sklavenaufstandes im Römischen Reich der Antike während der späten Römischen Republik. Spartacus, dt. Spartakus (gestorben 71 v. Chr. in der Zweiten Schlacht am Silarus), war ein römischer Sklave und Gladiator. Historische Bedeutung erlangte er. Die Sklavenaufstände im Römischen Reich, genannt auch Sklavenkriege, waren eine Reihe von Revolten am Ende der Römischen Republik. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Vorgeschichten; 2 Sklavengruppe; 3 Erster Sklavenkrieg; 4 Zweiter Sklavenkrieg; 5 Dritter Sklavenkrieg (Spartacus-Aufstand); 6 Siehe. Im Jahr 73 vor Christus wagt Spartacus das Ungeheuerliche: Er führt die Sklaven in einen Aufstand gegen Rom. Lest Spartacus' Geschichte bei GEOlino! Spartacus will nicht als Gladiator sterben. Seine Flucht aus der Gladiatorenschule löst einen Sklavenaufstand aus, den Rom brutal.
Die Sklavenaufstände im Römischen Reich, genannt auch Sklavenkriege, waren eine Reihe von Revolten am Ende der Römischen Republik. Inhaltsverzeichnis. 1 Vorgeschichten; 2 Sklavengruppe; 3 Erster Sklavenkrieg; 4 Zweiter Sklavenkrieg; 5 Dritter Sklavenkrieg (Spartacus-Aufstand); 6 Siehe. Spartacus will nicht als Gladiator sterben. Seine Flucht aus der Gladiatorenschule löst einen Sklavenaufstand aus, den Rom brutal. Spartacus, dt. Spartakus (gestorben 71 v. Chr. in der Zweiten Schlacht am Silarus), war ein römischer Sklave und Gladiator. Historische Bedeutung erlangte er.
His army of nearly , overran most of southern Italy and fought its way up the entire length of the Italian Peninsula to the Alps.
He then turned back south in an effort to reach Sicily but was defeated by Marcus Licinius Crassus. Spartacus waged a brilliant guerrilla campaign against a strong and well-organized enemy, but he could not prevail against a fully mobilized Rome.
Although Crassus would ultimately defeat the Spartacus rebellion, Pompey would claim credit for the act, fueling his own rise to the apex of Roman politics.
The chroniclers Appian and Plutarch provide the greatest detail about Spartacus's final battle against Crassus.
Spartacus is said to have tried to engage Crassus directly but was wounded and driven to one knee. Appian relates that Spartacus continued fighting but was eventually surrounded and struck down by the Romans.
A Thracian by birth, Spartacus served in the Roman army, perhaps deserted, led bandit raids, and was caught and sold as a slave. With about 70 fellow gladiators he escaped a gladiatorial training school at Capua in 73 and took refuge on Mount Vesuvius , where other runaway slaves joined the band.
After defeating two Roman forces in succession, the rebels overran most of southern Italy. Ultimately their numbers grew to at least 90, Spartacus defeated the two consuls for the year 72 and fought his way northward toward the Alps , hoping to be able to disperse his soldiers to their homelands once they were outside Italy.
When his men refused to leave Italy, he returned to Lucania and sought to cross his forces over to Sicily but was thwarted by the new Roman commander sent against him, Marcus Licinius Crassus.
The Gauls and Germans were defeated first, and Spartacus himself ultimately fell fighting in pitched battle.
Spartacus was apparently both competent and humane, although the revolt he led inspired terror throughout Italy. Although his uprising was not an attempt at social revolution , his name has frequently been invoked by revolutionaries such as Adam Weishaupt in the late 18th century and Karl Liebknecht , Rosa Luxemburg , and the other members of the German Spartacus League of — Article Media.
Info Print Cite. In modern times, Spartacus became an icon for communists and socialists. Karl Marx listed Spartacus as one of his heroes and described him as "the most splendid fellow in the whole of ancient history" and a "great general, noble character, real representative of the ancient proletariat ".
Several sports clubs around the world, in particular the former Soviet and the Communist bloc, were named after the Roman gladiator. Spartacus's name was chosen in numerous football sides in Slavic Europe.
Spartacus's name was also used in athletics in the Soviet Union and communist states of Central and Eastern Europe.
The Spartakiad was a Soviet bloc version of the Olympic games. The mascot for the Ottawa Senators , Spartacat , is also named after him.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Spartacus disambiguation. Not to be confused with Spartocus or Sportacus.
The Death of Spartacus by Hermann Vogel Further information: Third Servile War. Ancient Rome portal. He and his men freed only gladiators, farmers, and shepherds.
They avoided urban slaves, a softer and more elite group than rural workers. They rallied slaves to the cry not only of freedom but also to the themes of nationalism, religion, revenge, and riches.
Another paradox: they might have been liberators but the rebels brought ruin. They devastated southern Italy in search of food and trouble.
Osprey Publishing. The histories. Translated by McGushin, Patrick. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 24 February Edwards, N. Hammond and E.
Sollberger, eds. Cambridge University Press. Note: Spartacus' status as an auxilia is taken from the Loeb edition of Appian translated by Horace White, which states " However, the translation by John Carter in the Penguin Classics version reads: " Plutarch claims 78 escaped, Livy claims 74, Appian "about seventy", and Florus says "thirty or rather more men".
New York: Liveright Publishing Corporation. The Spartacus War. Spartacus and the servile wars: a brief history with documents. Palgrave Macmillan.
Bradley, Slavery and Rebellion. The Guardian. The controversy of Zion. Dolphin Press. Retrieved 21 July Croix, G.
Ithaca, N. Archived from the original on 16 July Spartacus in fiction and media. Spartacus The Gladiator Spartacus ballet. Spartacus Legends Namespaces Article Talk.
Views Read View source View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.Nur sehr wenig ist von der Person des Spartacus überliefert. Laut dem antiken Historiker Plutarch stammte er aus Thrakien (heute in etwa das. Spartacus wird von einem römischen General verraten und als Sklave an Lentulus Batiatus verkauft, der ihn im italienischen Capua zum Gladiator ausbilden. Seit Batiatus und Spartacus diese Abmachung haben, ist es sein Ziel, der beste Gladiator zu werden, um so Suras und seine Freiheit zu erkaufen. Als seine Frau. Von seinem Land verraten, in die Sklaverei gezwungen, als Held wiedergeboren. Spartacus: Blood and Sand erzählt die Geschichte von Roms berühmtestem. von mehr als Ergebnissen oder Vorschlägen für "Spartacus". Mit zehntausenden Spatacus löst er sich von Spartacus und will gegen Gala Bingo Games marschieren. Die Römer nehmen Spartacus und seine Anhänger zunächst nicht ernst. Sahara Sands Casino Der Überlieferung nach wurden Sie waren beim Publikum wegen ihres geringen Unterhaltungswertes unbeliebt. Bei unfairem Gemes Baby Hazel Sandalenfilme bevorzugen dabei gern das Werfen von Sand in des Gegners Augen griff der Schiedsrichter mit einem Stock ein und unterbrach das Gefecht. Spartacus wird von einem römischen General verraten und als Sklave an Lentulus Batiatus verkauft, der ihn im italienischen Capua zum Gladiator ausbilden Spatacus. Holzstich von Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter Spartacus Begriffsklärung aufgeführt. In Rom dämmert dem Debitkarte Online Bezahlen, dass dieser Aufstand brandgefährlich Spiel App Android. Spartacus bemüht sich indes um ein Druckmittel gegen die Römer.
Spatacus VideoSpartacus Blood and Sand Season 1 Trailer Stanley Kubrick's Spartacus is, in many ways, a remarkable achievement. The Boys. Download as PDF Printable version. She Win Casino Batiatus have been unable to conceive a child, though she later falls pregnant with Crixus' Bestverdiener Sportler. Gracchus Wiesbadener Schachverein suicide by slitting his wrist in the bathtub. In Gale Force Nine announced the creation of licensed board game based on the Spartacus series. Slaves led the Khlopko and Bolotnikov uprisings in Muscovy in andrespectively, a time of dynastic crisis. Plot Toggolino Kostenlose Spiele.
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Lucretia and Batiatus await the arrival of Glaber with the intentions to receive his patronage, while Spartacus focuses attention on his plan for revenge.
Spartacus' fury culminates in the stunning season finale. Roman leader Gaius Claudius Glaber has died, and former rivals become rebel generals, joining the war against the empire.
The Roman Senate turns to a ruthless politician to put down the slaves- Marcus Crassus, takes on a young rising star - Julius Caesar - as an ally.
Roman leader Gaius Claudius Glaber has died, and former rivals become rebel generals, joining the war against Start watching now.
Series Info. Season 1. Though Spartacus proved himself during training and now wears the attire of a gladiator, his coarse attitude and relentless quest to see his wife isolates him from his fellow Batiatus, determined to profit from Spartacus, may be at risk if his debts aren't Spartacus and Crixus must overcome their mutual hostility to fight as a team against a legendary and unbeaten Season 1 Extras.
Trailer 0 MINS Season 2 Extras. Trailer 1 MINS Season 3 Extras. The rebels also defeated a second expedition, nearly capturing the praetor commander, killing his lieutenants and seizing the military equipment.
Also due to Social War, some of Spartacus' ranks were legion veterans. The rural slave lived a life in the frontier thus better equipping themselves to march with Spartacus' army.
In contrast, urban slaves were more suited for city life, being considered "privileged" and "lazy. In these altercations Spartacus proved to be an excellent tactician , suggesting that he may have had previous military experience.
Though the rebels lacked military training , they displayed a skilful use of available local materials and unusual tactics when facing the disciplined Roman armies.
In the spring of 72 BC, the rebels left their winter encampments and began to move northward. At the same time, the Roman Senate , alarmed by the defeat of the praetorian forces, dispatched a pair of consular legions under the command of Lucius Gellius Publicola and Gnaeus Cornelius Lentulus Clodianus.
These defeats are depicted in divergent ways by the two most comprehensive extant histories of the war by Appian and Plutarch. Alarmed at the continued threat posed by the slaves, the Senate charged Marcus Licinius Crassus , the wealthiest man in Rome and the only volunteer for the position,  with ending the rebellion.
Crassus was put in charge of eight legions, approximately 40, trained Roman soldiers,  [ failed verification ]  which he treated with harsh, even brutal discipline, reviving the punishment " decimation" on units.
Though ordered not to engage the rebels, Mummius attacked at a seemingly opportune moment but was routed. According to Plutarch , Spartacus made a bargain with Cilician pirates to transport him and some 2, of his men to Sicily , where he intended to incite a slave revolt and gather reinforcements.
However, he was betrayed by the pirates, who took payment and then abandoned the rebels. Crassus's legions followed and upon arrival built fortifications across the isthmus at Rhegium, [ citation needed ] despite harassing raids from the rebels.
The rebels were now under siege and cut off from their supplies. At this time, the legions of Pompey returned from Hispania and were ordered by the Senate to head south to aid Crassus.
When the legions managed to catch a portion of the rebels separated from the main army,  discipline among Spartacus's forces broke down as small groups independently attacked the oncoming legions.
The final battle that saw the assumed defeat of Spartacus in 71 BC took place on the present territory of Senerchia on the right bank of the river Sele in the area that includes the border with Oliveto Citra up to those of Calabritto, near the village of Quaglietta, in the High Sele Valley, which at that time was part of Lucania.
In this area, since , there have been finds of armour and swords of the Roman era. Plutarch, Appian and Florus all claim that Spartacus died during the battle, but Appian also reports that his body was never found.
Classical historians were divided as to the motives of Spartacus. None of Spartacus's actions overtly suggest that he aimed at reforming Roman society or abolishing slavery.
Plutarch writes that Spartacus wished to escape north into Cisalpine Gaul and disperse his men back to their homes.
Appian and Florus write that he intended to march on Rome itself. Based on the events in late 73 BC and early 72 BC, which suggest independently operating groups of escaped slaves  and a statement by Plutarch, it appears that some of the escaped slaves preferred to plunder Italy, rather than escape over the Alps.
Toussaint Louverture , a leader of the slave revolt that led to the independence of Haiti , has been called the "Black Spartacus".
Adam Weishaupt , founder of the Bavarian Illuminati , often referred to himself as Spartacus within written correspondences. In modern times, Spartacus became an icon for communists and socialists.
Karl Marx listed Spartacus as one of his heroes and described him as "the most splendid fellow in the whole of ancient history" and a "great general, noble character, real representative of the ancient proletariat ".
Several sports clubs around the world, in particular the former Soviet and the Communist bloc, were named after the Roman gladiator.
Spartacus's name was chosen in numerous football sides in Slavic Europe. Trailers and Videos. Crazy Credits. Alternate Versions.
Rate This. The slave Spartacus leads a violent revolt against the decadent Roman Republic. Director: Stanley Kubrick.
Writers: Dalton Trumbo screenplay , Howard Fast based on the novel by. Available on Amazon. Added to Watchlist.
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Use the HTML below. You must be a registered user to use the IMDb rating plugin. Won 4 Oscars. Edit Cast Cast overview, first billed only: Kirk Douglas Spartacus Laurence Olivier Crassus Jean Simmons Varinia Charles Laughton Gracchus Peter Ustinov Batiatus John Gavin Julius Caesar Nina Foch Helena Glabrus John Ireland Crixus Herbert Lom Tigranes Levantus John Dall Marcellus Joanna Barnes Claudia Marius Harold J.
David Woody Strode Draba Peter Brocco Edit Storyline In 73 B. Taglines: They trained him to kill for their pleasure. Edit Did You Know?Sie mussten meist in Ketten arbeiten und kranken Sklaven gab er nicht ihre volle Lebensmittelration. Der Überlieferung nach wurden Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter Spartacus Begriffsklärung aufgeführt. Schicksalslinien 54 Min. Nun muss Spartacus seinen Truppen wieder Schmetterlings Kyodai Online Spielen geben. Konflikt Cookies Erlauben.